Bolivia is a country of contrast, located in the heart of South America, between cold and warm Andean eastern lowlands. The country belongs to the mountain system of the Cordillera de los Andes, which is divided into two volcanic chains Occidental and the Oriental, also called Real. Between these two branches lies the Altiplano, where La Paz, the capital of the world’s tallest (3.636 meters), with an area of 100.000 km2 and an average height of 3.500 meters.
In the eastern slopes of the Andes lie the fertile valleys and the Yungas region, intermediate region between the Altiplano and the eastern lowlands. The latter, which cover three quarters of the Bolivian territory, extending from the east, to be confused with the jungles of Brazil and the Chaco area.
Drawing upon the 1500 with the arrival of the Spanish adopted the Spanish language, which today is an official language, spoken as well as ancient languages, Quechua, Aymara and Guaraní origin dialects.
Bolivia is now called multicultural, multiectinico, multilingual.
Bolivia has 66 of the 112 existing ecosystems worldwide, for this reason is among the 8 most biodiverse countries in the world, has more than 60 protected areas and 22 national parks these last number some of 182,716.99 km ² occupying 16.63% of the country.
Bolivia, considered “the cosmic synthesis of the world” is a country full of contrasts that dazzle any visitor. You will see national parks brimming with natural beauty and extensive biodiversity as in the Noel Kempff, Amboró, Carrasco, Pantanal and Madidi, also superb landscapes like the Salar de Uyuni and Lagunas de Colores, the Cordillera Real and Apolobamba cannons and Tupiza Toro Toro, mountain rainforest or Yungas, visited by a growing number of birdwatchers in Santa Cruz, Cochabamba and La Paz, the pre-Columbian Amazon and Beni fills. Adding to these natural attractions are historical sites and equally beautiful carefully preserved through the last two centuries, including the cities of Sucre and Potosi as well as the Jesuit Missions. In contrast, we visit the ancient and world-renowned ruins of Tiwanaku, the oldest culture in Latin America and the birthplace of the Inca empire. Or Samaipata carved monolith, also declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Within the Bolivian territory categories that currently exist in the Bolivian legislation are: National Park, Natural Monument, Wildlife Reserves, National Shrine, Integrated Management Natural Area and Nature Reserve immobilization.
Bolivia is a site that should be on the holiday agenda of every lover of nature, bird watchers and all those who passionately seek the culture and adventure to fill their souls. If you are interested in having contact with a different culture, will be transported by the beauty of nature, vibrating with the mystery of the adventure. But more than anything, will be pleased with the warmth and hospitality of its people, which will make your stay unforgettable.
Walk two to five days through the jungle trails or, travel by bicycle roads, boating on the rivers, horseback riding or traveling through the sky in hot air balloon are the activities of what is known as adventure tourism , which is very popular with young people. The most prized hiking or trekking routes are made by pre-Columbian or Choro Taquesi in the department of La Paz and Santa Cruz Samaipata, visitors can appreciate the natural beauty that abounds in birds such as stop, monkeys and a variety of exotic vegetation.
The adventure also lives on two wheels since the Summit of the Yungas to the town of Coroico. It is essential to have a good bike and protective clothing for protection.
For those who like to navigate the rivers, streams in the Amazon, in the Beni and Mamore Tuichi-are appropriate. But for those seeking a unique destination are the salt flats of Uyuni and Coipasa, with a variety of islands and small lakes. To challenge the vertigo can take a hot air balloon ride and appreciate the vents of volcanoes and geysers, the colorful lagoon surrounded by flamenco.